Glossary

Accumulator: Bet involving two or more selections in different races - winnings from one are placed on the next
Ante-Post: Betting (usually on the most important races) days, weeks and even months before the race is due to take place
Bumper: The name given to a flat race for National Hunt horses in which they gain racing experience before going hurdling or chasing.
Clerk of the Course: official in charge of all aspects of running the actual raceday
Colours: the racing silks worn by the jockeys
Colt: male, ungelded horse up to four years old
Course Specialist: horse which tends to run well at a particular track
Draw: for flat racing only, describes a horse's position in the starting stalls, drawn randomly the day before
Evens or Even Money: when your stake exactly equals your winnings - thus £5 at evens wins a further £5
Filly: female horse up to four years old
Furlong: 220 yards (one eighth of a mile)
Going: the description of conditions underfoot on the racecourse. Official Jockey Club going reports progress as follows: Heavy - soft - good to soft - good - good to firm -firm
Jolly: betting parlance for the favourite in a race
Judge: official responsible for declaring the finishing order of a race and the distances between the runners
Juvenile: two-year-old horse
Maiden: horse which has not won a race
Mare: female horse five years and over
Monkey: betting slang for £500
Objection: complaint by one jockey against another regarding breach of rules during a race
Odds On: odds where the winnings are less than the stake (which is of course returned to you): thus a winning £2 bet at 2-1 on wins you £1
Open Ditch: steeplechase fence with an artificial ditch on the take-off side
Pace: the speed at which a race is run at different stages. The expression 'up with the pace' means close to the leaders; 'off the pace' means some way behind the leaders. The quality of the form for a race is often considered in relation to the pace at which it was run, particularly in the early stages
Paddock: area of the racecourse incorporating the pre-parade ring, parade ring (where horses are paraded before each race) and winner's enclosure
Photo Finish: electronic photographic device which determines which horse has won a close finish
Pony: betting slang for £25
Rule 4: If a horse is withdrawn and there is insufficient time to form a new market the remaining horses in the race are subject to a deduction if they win or are placed. These are calculated according to the starting price as follows: 3/10 or longer odds - 75p in the £1, 2/5 to 1/3 - 70p, 8/15 to 4/9 - 65p, 8/13 to 4/7 - 60p, 4/5 to 4/6 - 55p, 20/21 to 5/6 - 50p, Evens to 6/5 - 45p, 5/4 to 6/4 - 40p, 13/8 to 7/4 - 35p, 15/8 to 9/4 - 30p, 5/2 to 3/1 - 25p, 10/3 to 4/1 - 20p, 9/2 to 11/2 - 15p, 6/1 to 9/1 - 10p, 10/1 to 14/1 - 5p.
Sire: father of a horse
Steamer: a horse which shortens dramatically in the betting
SP / Starting Price: the official price of a horse at which bets are settled in the betting shops. The starting price is an estimation of the odds generally available at the moment the race starts
Stewards: the panel of men and women - usually a total of four - who are responsible for ensuring adherence to the Rules of Racing
Stewards Enquiry: enquiry by the Stewards into the running of a race
Tic-Tac: the bookmaker's method of relaying odds information on the racecourse, by means of hand signals. (Normally a man with white glove on)
Under Starters Orders or Under Orders: occurs when the race is off; an announcement that the horses are 'Under Starter's Orders - they're off' is made as the horses leave the stalls (or start in jump races): if a horse is withdrawn by the starter all bets are refunded
Weigh In / Weigh Out: weighing of jockey before and after a race to ensure that the correct weight has been carried; the announcement 'weighed in' signals that the result is official, and all bets can be settled

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